The Old Icelandic Calendar


Today's date in the Old Icelandic Calendar:


The Old Icelandic, or Norse, calendar was based around the solstices and equinoxes as these were, and are, very important in these northern regions of the world. Iceland has very short days in the winter and the coming of the Winter Solstice marks the rebirth of the year and the promise of the long days and light nights of the summer. Because of this, the year begins around the Winter Solstice.

The year consists of 12 months of 30 days, with an extra four days in the middle of summer, called Sumarauki. This produces a year of 364 days, i.e. exactly 52 weeks. To account for leap years an extra seven days, i.e. a full week, are added to Sumarauki after five or six Gregorian years. This ensures that each date in the calendar falls on the same day of the week each year. For example, leap years in the first two decades of the 21st century occur in 2001, 2007, 2012 and 2017.

The arrangement of the months are shown below, with the day of the week that each month starts in brackets, and the starting dates in the gregorian calendar from December 2010 until December 2017.

Month 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17
Mörsugr (Wed) 22 Dec 21 Dec 26 Dec 25 Dec 24 Dec 23 Dec 21 Dec
Þorri (Fri) 21 Jan 20 Jan 25 Jan 24 Jan 23 Jan 22 Jan 20 Jan
Góa (Sun) 20 Feb 19 Feb 24 Feb 23 Feb 22 Feb 21 Feb 19 Feb
Einmánuðr (Tue) 22 Mar 20 Mar 26 Mar 25 Mar 24 Mar 22 Mar 21 Mar
Harpa (Thu) 21 Apr 19 Apr 25 Apr 24 Apr 23 Apr 21 Apr 20 Apr
Skerpla (Sat) 21 May 19 May 25 May 24 May 23 May 21 May 20 May
Sólmánuðr (Mon) 20 Jun 18 Jun 24 Jun 23 Jun 22 Jun 20 Jun 19 Jun
Sumarauki (Wed) 20 Jul 18 Jul 24 Jul 23 Jul 22 Jul 20 Jul 19 Jul
Heyannir (Sun) 24 Jul 29 Jul 28 Jul 27 Jul 26 Jul 24 Jul 30 Jul
Tvímánuðr (Tue) 23 Aug 28 Aug 27 Aug 26 Aug 25 Aug 23 Aug 29 Aug
Haustmánuðr (Thu) 22 Sep 27 Sep 26 Sep 25 Sep 24 Sep 22 Sep 28 Sep
Gormánuðr (Sat) 22 Oct 27 Oct 26 Oct 25 Oct 24 Oct 22 Oct 28 Oct
Ýlir (Mon) 21 Nov 26 Nov 25 Nov 24 Nov 23 Nov 21 Nov 27 Nov